GlencoreIn the area of Mufulira, Zambia, and through its subsidiary Mopani Copper Mines.
Edward Gorma (Centre for Trade Policy and Development)
good / bad copper
¬†¬†¬†¬† The corporation is responsible for the pollution of land, waters and air, particularly due to the uncontrolled emissions of sulphate dioxide, which dramatically affects the local populations causing severe respiratory diseases, and contaminating the fauna and flora upon which they depend almost completely for their own sustainment.
¬†¬† The corporation is also responsible, as it was also indicated by an independent audit, of distorting their balances in order to avoid taxes and distract funds out of the country, thus depriving Zambia of the sovereign right to perceive the profit of the exploitation of its natural resources, and consequently the possibility of implementing necessary public policies with the income derived from mining.
¬†¬† In this sense the activities of the corporation violate not only the most basic human and peoples' rights recognised by international law, but also, as recognised by the aforementioned audit, the OECD norms on transnational corporations activities.
Session of the Permanent People's Tribunal on Human Rights Violations Committed by the Transnationals,
Geneva 23 June 2014
¬†¬† A number of cases of human rights violations by Transnational Corporations has been presented at the Permanent Peoples Tribunal (PPT) Hearing being held in Geneva on June 23. The one-day Hearing of the PPT is being prepared by The Global Campaign to Dismantle Corporate Power & Stop Impunity together with Swiss-based social organizations and movements, and affected communities from different global regions. The PPT is an Opinion Tribunal, which follows on the tradition of the Russell Tribunals on the Vietnam War and the Dictatorships in Latin America and was established in 1979 in the framework of the Algiers Universal Declaration of the Rights of Peoples.
¬†¬† The PPT has held almost 40 sessions addressing systematic violations of human rights and peoples rights including a Session on the World Bank, European TNCs in Latin America and Bhopal and it is one of few international institutions where affected communities can directly present cases of violations of human rights perpetrated by Transnational Corporations.
¬†¬† Some of the cases that has been heard include Chevron in Ecuadorean Amazon, Shell in Nigeria, Glencore in several countries (such as the Philippines, Zambia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Peru and Colombia), Pacific Rim in El Salvador, Lonmin in South Africa, Coca-cola in Colombia, Mekorot in Palestine and Hidralia in Guatemala.
¬†¬† The Panel of Jurors is presided by Juan Hernandez Zubizarreta (Basque Country) and composed by Beverley Keene (Argentina) Francesco Martone (Italy), Renata Reis (Brazil), Roberto Schiattarella (Italy) and Jean Ziegler (Switzerland).